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ЕГЭ по английскому языку 2012

--PAGE_BREAK--Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика





A cup of coffee



Once I was travelling in Italy>>. It was a lovely day. I wandered along the street until I came upon some parasol-shaded tables which seemed to __________________ very nice. I settled and opened my book.


I




It was taking a long time for the waiter to arrive, but I was in no hurry. I was sure that the waiter __________________soon. 



COME




But finally, becoming impatient, I turned to signal for service and saw the neon sign. That was the __________________ moment ...  I discovered that I was sitting outside a store selling garden furniture.



BAD



The Great Wall of China>


The Great Wall of China>runs for 6,700 kilometers>from east to west of China>>. It is one of the __________________ wonders of the world.



GREAT




The Great Wall __________________ in order to protect      the country form different aggressors.

BUILD




The construction of the Wall __________________ in the 6th century BC and lasted until the 16th century AD.

BEGIN




Since then, the Great Wall of China>>__________________
a symbol of wisdom and bravery of the Chinese people and
a monument to Chinese nation for many hundreds of years.

BECOME








UK: Conservation and Environment

Going for a walk is the most popular leisure activity in Britain. Despite its high __________________density and widespread urbanization, the UK has many unspoilt rural and coastal areas. 



POPULATE




Twelve National Parks are freely accessible to the public and were created to conserve the __________________ beauty, wildlife and cultural heritage they contain.



NATURE




Most of the land in National Parks is privately owned, but administered by an independent National Park Authority which works to balance the expectations of __________________ with the need to conserve these open spaces for future generations.


VISIT




The UK>>also works to improve the global environment and has taken global warming __________________ ever since scientists discovered the hole in the ozone layer.



SERIOUS




In 1997, the UK>>subscribed to the Kyoto Protocol binding developed countries to reduce emissions of the six main greenhouse gases. The Protocol declares environmental __________________.

 


PROTECT




Nowadays British __________________ are taking part in one of the largest international projects that is undertaken to protect endangered species. 

SCIENCE






Amos

It wasn’t unusual for Amos to go to Deravenels on Saturday, even though the offices were closed over the weekend. He A22 ______ to go to tidy up his paperwork and do other small jobs he couldn’t attend to during the week.

But on this Saturday morning he had a specific purpose when he arrived at the grand old building on the Strand>. The uniformed doorman A23 ______  Amos close his umbrella and take off his raincoat. Then he touched his cap and said, “Good morning, Mr. Finnister”.

Amos had come to the office to A24 ______ a few telephone calls. His first call was to the Royal> London> Hospital>>, Whitechapel, where he quickly discovered the records office was not open on weekends. He then dialed Ravenscar and was put through to Edward Deravenel.

“Good morning, Amos,” Edward said. “I’m assuming you have some news for me.” Amos then relayed all the information he had gathered the night before.

“Well done, Amos!” Edward exclaimed. “Thank you for going into all this A25 ______. I knew I could depend A26 ______ you. My wife will be happy as
I am to know everything; it’s been such a mystery all these years. To A27 ______ the truth, I think that Grace Rose should also know what happened to her mother. It will finally put her mind at rest.”

“I agree, sir. I will telephone you on Monday”. Amos walked home, A28 ______ no attention to the heavy rain. He felt happy.




1)



held



2)



took



3)



used



4)



kept






1)



looked



2)



gazed



3)



stared



4)



watched






1)



take



2)



do



3)



make



4)



give






1)



worry



2)



trouble



3)



bother



4)



mess






1)



at



2)



on



3)



in



4)



of






1)



tell



2)



speak



3)



say



4)



talk






1)



turning



2)



paying



3)



drawing



4)



bringing












Раздел 4. Письмо





You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Tom who writes:





Write a letter to Tom.

In your letter

-       answer his questions

-       ask 3 questions about his summer plans

Write 100–140 words.

Remember the rules of letter writing.


Comment on the following statement.
Some people think that extreme sports help to build character.

What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?

Write 200–250 words.

Use the following plan:

-make an introduction (state the problem)

-express your personal opinion and give 2–3 reasons for your opinion

-express an opposing opinion and give 1–2 reasons for this opposing   opinion

-explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion

-make a conclusion restating your position




Приложение 1

Тексты для аудирования

Сейчас Вы будете выполнять задания по аудированию. Каждый текст прозвучит 2 раза. После двух прослушиваний у Вас будет время для выполнения и проверки заданий. Все паузы включены в аудиозапись. Остановка и повторное воспроизведение аудиозаписи не предусмотрены. По окончании выполнения всего раздела «Аудирование» перенесите свои ответы в бланк ответов № 1.
Задание В1





Now we are ready to start.
Speaker A


For any celebration you have so many people to give presents to: your mates, parents, relatives. It creates a problem of choosing an original present. I think everybody is so tired of traditional gifts! To my mind, the simplest way out is accessories. They are always different and can suit everybody. For family members it may seem a good investment if it’s expensive enough and it may definitely help your friends look great at a party!


Speaker B

As for me, I dislike pragmatic, domestic gifts. They may be useful, of course, but when you get a present, you expect a surprise, not a new kind of washing powder.
I do not understand people who are happy to get kitchen towels, cups, dishes or anything like that. If you do not have any innovative ideas, buy some perfume or flowers – they are not practical, they are pleasant.

Speaker C

Honestly speaking, I’d be glad to get a weekend camping tour even to a local place of interest. It would be the best present and the worst is perfume. Perfume is the ultimate in personal gifts, even more than accessories. What scent a person chooses is unique and usually very subjective. It also looks like a last-minute decision which may seem impolite, unless you are absolutely sure in your choice, which, as I said is a rare case.


Speaker D

Giving and receiving presents can be stressful. A picky person can dislike some gifts or even worse – give them to somebody else. Horrible! So I found a perfect way out – a gift certificate. For anyone who likes shopping it is ideal and you don’t waste time trying to find something special. But there are disadvantages about
a gift certificate too. A person may think that you just didn’t want to be bothered and get offended, so it’s not a universal present after all.

Speaker E


If you can afford it, try not to give things, but experiences as a present. It is not necessarily something very expensive. Tickets to the first night performance or to a new exhibition in an art gallery, or anywhere else will do fine. It is even better if you can go there together and share these experiences. Take a camera with you and take pictures! Such a present will leave long-standing memories which are dear themselves.

Speaker F

Living in a high-tech world, it would not be unusual to buy gadgets as a present. If your friend commutes, it can be an iPod, if your friend is very busy – an electronic organizer will be an excellent idea. There are millions of choices and they are not expensive either. Such a present can show the person exactly how much thought you put into choosing the perfect gift taking into account his or her way of life and needs.

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)

Now you will hear the texts again. (Repeat.)

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.
(
Pause 15
seconds.)




Задания А1–А7





Now
we
are
ready
to
start.
Jane:Hello, Peter! What are you doing here in the library? I often come to the reading room but I have never seen you here before!

Peter:Hello, Jane. That’s right – you could not have possibly seen me here.
I come round to change my books or look through some journals now and then during the term time, but that is it. The end of the term is different, of course.

Jane:Why so?

Peter:Well, you know, the exams are coming and I am getting a bit nervous.

Jane: Have you missed many classes then?

Peter:Not many, really, but the fact is that I did just the bare minimum even for my major! There is a lot of information which went over my head completely. My group mates have lent me their notes but they are of very little use. They are really brief, as a rule, so I cannot make out a single thing of them!

Jane:So, you have missed not classes, but opportunities if I can put it this way.

Peter:I guess you can. Do you think I will be able to catch up with the rest of the group? I doubt it. I have been using my computer much to put all the information in proper schemes and tables but that does not seem to be helping much.

Jane:It is totally up to you! If you are determined to succeed, you will have to spend days and nights with books and your computer.

Peter:What worries me is the language course. It seems totally impossible!

Jane:Yes, that will be the most difficult one for you. You simply cannot expect to take in all the words and grammar rules in just a few nights.

Peter:Do you think I will fail it then?

Jane:Peter, be more optimistic! If the teacher sees you have tried to do at least something, she will appreciate it, I am sure.

Peter:Thank you, Jane; you are such a good friend! How about you? Are you ready for your exams? I bet you are!

Jane:Actually, I am not so sure about Literature. I think I am on the teacher’s blacklist for not meeting deadlines with some of the essays.

Peter:You will pass, do not worry!

Jane: Well, let us hope for the best!
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)

Now you’ll hear the text again. (Repeat.)

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.

(
Pause 15
seconds.)

Задания А8–А14





Now we are ready to start.



Presenter:With us in the studio today we have the owner of famous British Vintage Inns. Good afternoon, Mr. Mitchell.

Michael Mitchell:Good afternoon, but, please, call me Michael.

Presenter: So, Michael, what is so special about Vintage Inns for Englishmen or tourists?

Michael Mitchell:I must say one of our greatest advantages is that we are in really prime places. Imagine a summer’s day, a river gently flowing past as you enjoy a light lunch or an evening meal with friends. Or, maybe, it is winter and you sit in front of a log fire. Our inns are always in a quaint village in the heart of the English countryside which makes it attractive for both nostalgic British people and enthusiastic tourists.

Presenter:As I understand, most of your inns have their own gardens.

Michael Mitchell:Yes, it is certainly true. They are every bit as pleasant as the places the inns are in – ideal for a meal in fine weather, which is, of course, seasonal.

Presenter:Still, competition is high in your sphere. Being not so close to centers of big cities, what do you do to make sure people will drive specially to you?

Michael Mitchell:Actually, I do nothing special to attract potential customers. You see, I do not have to as the inns are generally located in places worth visiting and many are close to enchanting walks. Very often there is a Vintage Inn close to a stately home or a historic village or another tourist attraction. What could be a better way to spend a day off with your family? Even Londonpubs cannot offer this.

Presenter:Any chain store risks becoming boring for clients as they all look exactly the same. What do you think about this opinion?

Michael Mitchell:I’d like to say that every Vintage Inn is different, but they are all the same. All our inns will definitely offer the same high quality menu and standards of service. All our landlords and ladies share the same passion for ‘getting it right’. However, each Vintage Inn has its own unique character. You will discover thatched roofs, soft, natural slate, buildings of hewn stone. There are Tudor, Georgian, Victorian and many more styles of architecture, including modern ones.

Presenter: What about food in Vintage Inns?

Michael Mitchell:What we offer is best described as leaning towards traditional home style cooking but with a contemporary twist. Still, we do allow the best of great food from around the world to add a little influence on what we do. Many of our dishes are our own creation – and all dishes are designed to look tempting and great on the plate.

Presenter:Is there a difference between an afternoon menu and an evening one?

Michael Mitchell:Well, on working days at lunch time you can choose anything from a range of sandwiches to full three-course meals. Our evening meals also offer lighter choices but includes fish, chicken, pasta, salads, steaks and pies too. On Sundays we include a choice of traditional roasts and puddings.

Presenter:What is your booking policy? You must have a long line of people wishing to visit your places!

Michael Mitchell:I know many people prefer to book for their Friday dinner well beforehand. Nevertheless, in fact, at Vintage Inns you cannot book! That is because we are always ready to welcome you – seven days a week. Just turn up and we will make you feel welcome, even if you choose to come at the busiest time. As soon as a table is vacant, you can have it.

Presenter:Thank you, Michael.

Michael Mitchell:Pleasure.

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)

Now you will hear the text again. (Repeat.)

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.

(Pause 15 seconds.)
This is the end of the Listening test.
Время, отведённое на выполнение заданий, истекло.




Приложение 2

Ответы



Раздел 1.

Аудирование

Раздел 2.

Чтение

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

№ задания

Ответ

№ задания

Ответ

№ задания

Ответ

А1

1

А15

1

А22

3

А2

2

А16

3

А23

4

А3

2

А17

1

А24

3

А4

3

А18

2

А25

2

А5

2

А19

2

А26

2

А6

3

А20

3

А27

1

А7

1

А21

4

А28

2

А8

1









А9

3









А10

1









А11

3









А12

2









А13

3









A14

1








    продолжение
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